Radio – Telemetry study of elephants in Buxa Tiger Reserve and adjoining areas in North West Bengal

The northern Bengal region in India, along the Himalayan foothills, experiences one the highest levels of elephant-human conflict in Asia. The elephant population estimated at about 300 individuals not only damages large areas of agricultural crops but also kills about 50 humans each year. Although highly productive the habitat is also highly fragmented with a mosaic of forest, paddy fields and tea plantations.The centre has been involved in a critical study of conflict through radio-telemetry, village surveys, and mapping of the land use patterns. To better understand elephant movement, usage of corridors and foraging patterns, including crop raiding behaviour, twelve elephants have been radio-collared in the Buxa-Jaldapara Reserves and are being followed.